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Mancala games play an important role in numerous songs and other expressions of music, both modern and tradional. These include many different styles from chamber music to Jazz. There is also the British "Mankala Band" from the multicultural city of Bristol, which has been named after the game. They are playing an eclectic mix of Afro-Beat, Fusion, Roots and Reggae.

Some Traditional Songs from Cameroon

The following songs refer to the game of Songo and were recorded by the German ethnologue G. Tessmann in 1907.

(1)
A mocking song of the Ntum:

"Who do you play with?" -
Who do you actually play with?"
Some people play well, other people play bad.
Miss Nsöla says:
"The woman who has no calves wants
that I put her brass rings around the lower legs
like those of the handsome Ntsama-Obiang."

(2)
A mocking song of the Fang:

"Once I played the stone game with Beköna,
the well-known Beköna-Mpfa,
who is the son of Mpfa-Mangöö.
He said:
"Really, you compare to an old man who has no teeth
and wants to eat the skin of an elephant,
or to a woman without buns [i.e. is ugly]
who says: "I wear a raffia skirt." -
"Dumb-ass! Your father is covered with blains."
Spectators, shouldn't we tell her:
"Just put the stones on the board,
we'll see what happens."

Tables

Modern Music
Title Composer(s) Performer(s) Year Type Language Country Description
Adiye A. R. Rahman Sid Sriram 2012 Popular Music Tamil India Mentioning Pallanguzhi (video with lyrics).
Ahsante, sana ndugu (?) (?) 1960s Wigaashe Sukuma Tanzania The song, which praises Julius Nyerere, mentions Bao (lyrics).
Awalé Henri Dikongue Henri Dikongue 2005 Chanson French Ivory Coast Song metioning Awalé, Dominoes, and Chess.
Bao la Kete (?) AT 2011 Bongo Music Swahili Tanzania Official video.
Chinna Chinna Sugangal S. A. Rajkumar Krishnaraj, Sripathi Panditaradhyula Balasubramanyam 2000 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi (video; lyrics).
Cho tôi xin một vé đi tuổi thơ (?) Nguyễn Mạnh Hoàng 2012 Popular Music (Vietnamese "Schlager") Vietnamese Vietnam Childhood memories mentioning Ô Ăn Quan (video).
Ettu Jilla Paththu Deva Anuradha Sriram, Unni Menon, Ganga 2003 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi.
Flora Takmi Ikeda Takmi Ikeda 2009 Electro-acoustic Work --- Japan Second version of Mkomwe, which was inspired by African Mancala (video).
Join the Club (?) (?) 2006 Children's Song / Film Music English USA First aired in The Friendship Club (Strawberry Shortcake - Season 3, Episode 1) - video.
Kalah - electronic music Zoltán Jeney Zoltán Jeney 1988 Electro-Acoustic Work --- Hungary Composed for a MIDI sequencer and 14 loudspeakers (source).
Kalah - for piano Zoltán Jeney Zoltán Jeney 1983 Acoustic Work --- Hungary Piano solo (source).
Kanmaniyae Kanmaniya Rohini, S.P.Balasubramaniyam Illayaraja 1995 Playback Song Tamil India The song of the movie "Chinna Vathiyar" mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics; video).
Kannitheevu Ponna K Mlr Karthikeyan & Raqueeb Alam 2011 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi (video; lyrics).
Kannukule Pallankuzhi (?) Vishal Bharadwaj 2001 Playback Song Tamil India The song of the movie "Pengal" mentions Pallanguzhi (video).
Kichu Kichu Thambulam (?) (?) 2013 Playback Song Kannada India Mentions many children's games among them Pallanguzhi (lyrics; video excerpt).
Kodakooli Koduthaachu 'Kavignar' Vaali Anushka Manchanda, Premji Amaran 2006 Playback Song Tamil India The song of the movie Kalvanin Kaadhali mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics).
Kodaangi vanthirukken Vidya Sagar Anuradha Sriram, R. Manicka Vinayagam 2008 Playback Song Tamil India The song of the movie Muniyandi Vilangiyal Moondramandu mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics; excerpt with the song; note that the translation is wrong: Pallanguzhi was translated as "checkers", although this game is actually called draaft aata in Tamil).
Mai poosum kannazhagi Peter John (?) 2008 Playback Song Tamil India The song of the movie Poova Thalaiya mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics).
Mancala Voz Defrans Voz Defrans 2005 New Wave / Electro Punk --- USA Homepage of the artist and track from the album Voz Defrans EP.
Mancala Darcy James Argue, Jamie Begian, Joseph C Phillips Jr, JC Sanford, Joshua Shneider & Yumiko Sunami Darcy James Argue, Jamie Begian, Joseph C Phillips Jr, JC Sanford, Joshua Shneider & Yumiko Sunami 2007 Jazz --- Canada, Japan, USA Video of part 1 and part 2.
Mancala Mathias Friis-Hansen, David Hildebrandt, Mathias Reumert Mathias Friis-Hansen, David Hildebrandt, Mathias Reumert 2008 Percussion --- Denmark Band called PACE Percussion Trio (video).
Mancala Pino Palladino, Simon Phillips, Philippe Saisse Pino Palladino, Simon Phillips, Philippe Saisse 2009 Jazz --- France, UK Band called PSP (video).
Mancala Variations Jay C. Batzner Jay C. Batzner 2008 Electronic Music --- USA Sounds from a mancala board (general information & audio file).
Mancala for two violins Marta Ptaszyńska Hanna Lachert & Yaniv Segal 1997 Chamber Music --- USA Music created by one of the best known Polish woman composers (video).
Mayili Mayilu Mayilamma Ranjith Barot Chithra, Mano, Unni Krishnan 1997 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi (lyrics).
Mkomwe Takmi Ikeda Takmi Ikeda 2008 Electro-acoustic Work --- Japan Inspired by African Mancala (video).
Mot Songo Martino Atangana Martino Atangana 2005 A blend of Afro-Pop and Jazz Ewondo Cameroon About a man wasting his time by playing Songo (video).
No Seed (?) Terry “Suzuki” Joseph 2009 Reggae English Antigua and Barbuda Film music performed by "The New Dread and the Baldhead"; showing a game of Warri in progress.
Nyongkka Makkaa Srikanth Deva Srikanth Deva, Senthil Das, Priyadharshini 2007 Playback Song Tamil India Song composed for the movie Madurai Veeran, which mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics).
Oram Po Naina (Odi Aadinaen) Yuvan Shankar Raja Premji, Yuvan Shankar Raja 2006 Playback Song Tamil India Song composed for the movie Azhagaai Irukkiraai Bayamaai Irukkiradhu, which mentions Pallanguzhi (lyrics).
Pallankuzhi Kannam P. C. Shivan M. K. Balaji 2009 Playback Song Tamil India Song composed for the movie Bayam Ariyaan (video).
Pallankuzhiyin S. A. Rajkumar Unnikrishnan, Harini 2001 Playback Song Telugu India Aong composed for the movie Anandham (lyrics and audio file).
Ponnanganni Poothu Shankar Ganesh P.Susheela, S. P. Balasubramaniyam 1980 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi and composed for the movie Natchathiram (song).
Timely Fashion Morris Wayne Ricks II ("King Mez") Morris Wayne Ricks II 2012 Hip-Hop English USA Quote: "I would really rather just drop gems like mancala" (video; lyrics).
Transferred Jason Bolte Jason Bolte 2008 Electro-acoustic Work --- USA A 60 second work derived from samples of a Mancala board game.
Ulaga Azhagi Naan Dhaan Bharathwaj Janani Bharathwaj 2007 Playback Song Tamil India Song mentioning Pallanguzhi and composed for the movie Pirappu (lyrics; video).
What's Ya Name? Skeme Skeme, Dom Kennedy & Bryan Roberts 2012 Hip-Hop English USA The artist sings that he "got girls losing their marbles like mancala" (video ).
Yabangan (?) "Repablikan" 2009 Hip-Hop Tagalog Philippines Quote: "ni minsan di pa natalo sa game na chess at sungka" (video and lyrics).

-


Traditional Music
Title Ethnic Group Language Country Description
"Bao song" Swahili Swahili Kenya The song is given here, another version.
Dồng dao Vietnamese Vietnamese Vietnam Text and translation.
I played Ayo with Olu Yoruba Yoruba Nigeria Original text and translation.
Mayage and Maipage Tuluva Tulu India The song mentions the game of Sitāṭa and echoes the destructive effects of gaming, especially when the players outside the game are of a different status.
Mocking Songs of the Ntum and Fang Ntum & Fang Fang Cameroon Three songs recorded by G. Tessmann featuring Songo.
Olinda thibenne Tamils Tamil Sri Lanka Sung during the Avurudu (New Year) season featuring the game of Olinda Keliya (presentation of the song by Saman Panapitiya and Mathra; another video).
Paramale Ballal Tuluva Tulu India Story sung by two women, Payyu (the lead singer) and Kargi Mundaldaklu of Anjar village, Udupi Taluk; audio file.
Vinanaasakoni Tamils Tamil India Kriti by Saint Thygraja about male superiority featuring Pallanguzhi, sometimes misinterpreted as "chess"; translated text.

External Links

References

Anonymous.
Let's Play Olinda. In: Sunday Times (Sri Lanka) April 10, 2011.
Claus, P. J. 
Cenne (Mancala) in Tuluva Myth and Cult. In: Claus, P. J., Pattanayak, D. P. & Handoo, J. Indian Folklore II.
Gunderson, F. D.
Sukuma Labor Songs From Western Tanzania: We Never Sleep, We Dream of Farming. Koninklijike Brill NV, Leiden (Netherlands) 2010, 368.
Paranamanna, L.
Enchanting Beauty of Avurudhu Games. In: The Nation on Sunday (Sri Lanka) April 13, 2008.
Tessmann, G.
Die Kinderspiele der Pangwe. In: Baessler-Archiv: Beiträge zur Völkerkunde. (Leipzig & Berlin, Germany) 1912; 2: 250-280.

Copyright

© Wikimanqala.
By: Ralf Gering
Under the CC by-sa 2.5 license.

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