Mandoli → Englisch.

Mandoli ("Mandeln") wurde in der zweiten Hälfte des 18. und der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts auf den Kykladen (Griechenland) gespielt.

Ein Mancalaspiel der Levante wurde von dem Schweizer Minitiaturisten Jean-Etienne Liotard (1702-1789) in seinem Gemälde "Deux dames grecques ou franques assises sur un divan et jouant au mankala'h" gezeigt, das etwa 1740 entstand. 1810 beobachtete der schottische Reisende John Galt Mandoli auf der griechischen Insel Hydra.

Das Spiel stammt vermutlich von anderen Mancalaspielen ab, die im Osmanischen Reich gespielt werden, wie z.B. Halusa und Mangala.


Die exakten Regeln des Spiels sind leider nicht überliefert. Die einzige zuverlässige Quelle ist die Beschreibung von John Galt, die hier vollständig wiedergegeben ist.

"There is, however, a tolerably decent coffee-house; and in winter, even at present, card and chess players may be always found in it. I saw there to-day a game, which, not having seen elsewhere, I give you a description of. The Idriots call it Mandoli, or the almonds, and it is played at a board by two persons. Twelve hollows are scooped in the board, in two rows of six each: in each hollow six balls are placed, and the opponents take each a row. The game is commenced by the first player taking out the balls from any one of the hollows, and distributing them, one by one, successively, round the board. In the first round no balls can be captured, but in the second the contest becomes serious. The skill of the player consists in so managing his distribution, that his last all shall either fall in a hollow where there is only one, or three, or seven, or nine &c. which, by the addition of his ball, are made even numbers, and in consequence become prizes. If in the distribution he makes even numbers in the two last hollows, he takes the contents of both. This is considered a great stroke. The victor is, of course, he who reckons the greatest number of prisoners."

John Galt (1810)


Galt, J. 
Letters from the Levant. London (UK) 1813, 241-242.
Santos Silva, E. R.
O Ouri: Um Jogo Caboverdiano e a sua Prática em Portugal. Associação de Professores de Matématica, Lissabon (Portugal) 1994.


© Wikimanqala.
Ralf Gering.
Unter der CC by-sa 2.5-Lizenz erschienen.

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